Phase 2 overall findings. Global Governance: Who's in Charge?
The lead article asserts that the system that served as a model for much of the 20th century is out of date, and it explores what needs to be done to strengthen it. Other articles on this theme look at the recent U. Also in this issue, articles examine development in Africa, and 'backcasting' data in Latin America. Boughton and Colin I. Bradford, Jr. Oversight of international relations is inadequate for the 2lst century. To strengthen the governance of global interactions requires rationalizing the relationships among sovereign states, updating the existing multilateral institutions, and creating an effective oversight body.
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Whether future crises will more resemble the s or the s is unclear, but it is useful to ponder the implications for global financial governance if international spillovers remain possible. Bloom As global health threats have grown, new players have altered the shape of the health system. But is the current system of health governance adequate to oversee the changing array of players and ensure that the right health issues are being tackled? Joe Cerrell, Helene Gayle and J. Stephen Morison, and Tore Godal Three points of view on how the global health system can be improved.
Schabas, Ramesh Thakur, and Edel Hughes. Multilateralism Under Challenge? Andy Knight. Alger, Gene M. Lyons, and John E. Edited by David Carment and Albrecht Schnabel. Ethics in Action Edited by Daniel A. Bell and Jean-Marc Coicaud. Doyle, and Anne-Marie Gardner. Cooper, John English. Thompson, Linda Kotze. Page last modified The political economy of development. This academic site promotes excellence in teaching and researching economics and development , and the advancing of describing, understanding, explaining and theorizing.
World Governance Survey: a new approach to assessing governance By J. Court and G.
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If governance matters, so does the need for more reliable and valid data on key governance processes. A pilot phase was carried out in early and a larger round of country assessments is planned for In each country, a national coordinator selected a panel of experts to complete the assessment. The panel comprised persons with extensive experience of the governance realm, including parliamentarians, researchers, lawyers and civil servants; around 35 people were interviewed per country.
Respondents were asked to rank each answer on a scale from 1 to 5; the higher the score, the better. In addition, respondents were invited to provide qualitative comments. The table shows the median indicator rating for each country for the 10 indicators that relate particularly to accountability and transparency. It also shows the total governance score for each country.
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The total governance scores have a very robust correlation 0. The judiciary and governance in 16 developing countries By J.
Court, G. Hyden and K. Mease - Individuals and groups inevitably at times get into conflict and societies require institutions that can resolve disputes. As part of a project to undertake comprehensive governance assessments, we focus here on the nature of the rules formal and informal that affect the judicial arena. The legal culture of a society is important for how people perceive not only the judiciary but also the political system at large. This paper presents the findings for the judiciary arena in 16 developing countries.
We find that the judicial arena is problematic in virtually all countries included in our survey. Access to justice remains low. Administration of justice is not only slow, but there is often widespread corruption and a lack of accountability.
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People lack trust in the court system. The problems are particularly pronounced in former communist countries, including China, because of both the pace and extent of economic and political reform. Laws are often outdated and create problems for the transformation of these regimes. Asymmetric Globalization: global markets require good global politics By N. Birdsall - The paper sets out two views of the facts about the effects of globalization on world poverty and inequality. The bottom line: globalization is not the cause, but neither is it the solution to world poverty and inequality.
The paper then explores why and how the global economy is stacked against the poor, making globalization asymmetric, at least up to now.
Challenges to Democratic Governance in Developing Countries | Gedeon M. Mudacumura | Springer
Many media development organizations are managed by journalists, most of whom aren't fond of media economics, profit and business. But financial sustainability is a precondition for media outlets' independence from the undue influence of others, be they governments, big corporations or senior politicians. Developing countries have growing media markets although some are only growing slightly.
As people escape poverty, they will both consume media and buy consumer products. So, establishing economically viable media that provides quality journalism in combination with a strong advertising business seems feasible. But this should not be limited to reach, scope and basic media users' characteristics such as age, gender and education. Rather, audience research should be more advanced and also include media users' assessments of specific media programs and of the quality of reporting.
This broader understanding of audience research is not only a means for media managers to boost their advertising business; it can also be useful for editors and journalists to learn about their readers, listeners and viewers. Stopping the decline in reporting quality Currently, there is no comprehensive study on the quality of journalism in developing countries although bits and pieces of research here and there confirm there is still much room for improvement.
Unfortunately, efforts in training and capacity building do not automatically lead to better quality. And given the current political situation and the disrespect for democratic inclusion often displayed by many governments, those who want to practice better journalism need to be supported. What is the way forward? Rigor in evaluation methodology Monitoring and evaluation still lack internal support within media development organizations.
The good news is that some organizations are conducting more serious evaluations of media work and the acceptance of evaluation has considerably improved. We are still facing methodological problems, however. Clearly, more scientific rigor is needed if we want to know more about project achievements. So then why is it not done more often? And even if sound analysis is done before project start, why is it often not reflected in the project design and its activities?
The same implementation gap can be seen in evaluation. Consultants are still being confronted with the usual tenders, asking them, for example, to evaluate a media program which took place in 10 different countries in 12 days. That again contradicts standards. It is important to identify the reasons for this implementation gap and to learn from other fields in development cooperation.
He mainly conducts research on the quality of journalism and communication in Africa and on mass media's influence on the democratization process. He is working in advancing the methods of evaluation, measuring results in communication efforts and mass media programs, and supporting media development organizations in monitoring and evaluation. Recently, he started to combine content analysis with audience research in efforts to measure media effects, for example with regard to peace processes. Digital and media experts working in the Global South share their experiences of using technology for media development.
Here are their tips to making digital technology projects more successful.
Digital tools provide news ways of creating, using and sharing information and are blurring the boundaries of journalism. Human-centered design is emerging as a new tool in development. Consultants working on a media project for young people in Shatila camp in Lebanon describe how they used the method to understand refugees' needs.
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